Aanleiding van het project
The production processes of Kimberly-Clark require considerable amounts of water. Being one of the big water users among other beneficial uses such as drinking water production, agriculture, ecology and recreation Kimberly-Clark wants to take responsibility for sustainable water resource management in regions showing a risk of, among others, water scarcity. Water related risks such as water scarcity should be assessed to ensure sufficient water of good quality for now and in the future for all stakeholders in a river basin at risk. In 2017 Kimberly-Clark and Deltares started a cooperation to tackle that challenge. One of the main developments of the project is a water risk dashboard (WaterLOUPE) to visualize the water scarcity risks to all stakeholders at the local level. For more information please watch the short engagement movie at https://vimeo.com/370024329.
From 2017 to 2019, the approach was implemented for cases in Colombia, in Sao Paulo, Argentina, Cape Town, Israel and Bahrain. Contacts with other stakeholders than Kimberly-Clark were initiated in a first engagement meeting with Heineken, Shell, Wetlands international and Ecolab.
With several local cases developed in different types of catchments near mega cities, climatic and economical zones and many interactions with end-users, we wish to improve the current tool (underlying local data, scientific concepts and visualisation) and expand the module on adaptive strategies by adding information on adaptive pathways and bankability. Our goal is to provide the users with insights in the possible measures to decrease water scarcity risks, putting these measures in perspective and support them in promoting water stewardship.
Doel van het project
The aim of this project is to improve the current tool (underlying local data, scientific concepts and visualisation) and expand the module on adaptive strategies by adding information on adaptive pathways and bankability. The extention will provide information on relevant tipping points of the watergap, how measures and strategies can postpone the tipping points and on underlying financial mechanisms.
Currently it already provides information to all beneficial users on the water scarcity risks related to the water use and level of water stress at the scale of their watershed. Both the current situation and the situation under different socio-economic and climate change scenarios are assessed and general recommendations related to those risks are shared.
The current dashboard is user-friendly, publicly available, based on data from local, national and global scale and presents indicators at the basin, sub-basin level and per sector. The web-based version was launched on World Water Day in March 2019 and presented at a dedicated session at the AIWW in November 2019. (https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/water-scarcity-related-risks-challenges-companies-sophie-vermooten/?trackingId=wsof0le3UmdLwl4aFlulgQ%3D%3D)
In 2020, we will firstly expand and adjust the current design of the adaptive strategies extension by adding information on adaptive pathways and bankability. It will help answer the following questions. Which actor-group will benefit from the different measures? When should the measure be implemented? Which stakeholder is able or not able to act? By whom and how can it be funded or financed?
Secondly, we will update the current scientific concepts that underly the first version of WaterLOUPE developed in 2017 and 2018. With several local cases developed in different types of catchments, climatic and economical zones and many interactions with end-users, we need to improve the current tool (underlying local data, scientific concepts and visualisation).
Omschrijving van de activiteiten
Improve design with adaptive pathways and funding mechanisms Industrial; research on how to use and adjust the adaptive pathways methodology for this application. Research on which financial mechanism fits each of the local measures. DLT: co-creation, combination of state-of-the-art water expertise with new water related economical concepts
KCC: co-creation, quality control and input from user perspective
Improve flexibility of WaterLOUPE based on results of Bahrain and Israel Industrial; improvement is related to the scientific concepts and underlying algorithms. DLT: co-creation, combination of state-of-the-art water expertise with new water related economical concepts
KCC: Quality control and input from user perspective
Develop the Chennai case for water scarcity risk Experimental; apply WaterLOUPE to a first case in Asia in a different social, cultural and economical context. DLT: Co organize workshop, build web-based WaterLOUPE for Chennai
KCC: Co organize workshop and Quality control
Test extension of WaterLOUPE in Cape Town case Experimental; Follow-up the engagement with stakeholders by testing new WaterLOUPE concepts and developments. DLT: prepare and Co organize workshop,
KCC: prepare and Co organize workshop
Outreach and project management Industrial; essential part of the different activities of the project DLT: project management, joint outreach and engagement with new stakeholders
KCC: joint outreach and engagement with new stakeholders
1 3rd workshop in Cape Town (South Africa) 2020
2 1st workshop in Chennai (India) 2020
3 WaterLOUPE webbased tool for Israel, Bahrain and Chennai 2020
4 WaterLOUPE 2.0 2021
5 Update of website and use of social media.
Four important communication moments; Workshop Cape town, workshop Chennai, workshop Sao Paulo and outreach event where private sector is present (to be selected) 2020/2021
In this project the innovation lies mostly in the coupling of technical and socio-economic data from different scales (global, national, local), the processing of these data and the visualization of the results in an understandable and simple way based on scientifically sound concepts. WRI has a global tool (Aqueduct) that presents water related risks to business at the global scale. Deltares is also partner in the development of that tool. WaterLOUPE is the next step in which water scarcity risks are put “under the loupe”, meaning it shares detailed information at the local level so that multinationals and other stakeholders in a basin can take adequate and timely measures by using the same knowledge base. Co-creating such a tool in direct cooperation with a manufacturer is new to Deltares and to Kimberly-Clark and to our knowledge has not been done before.
Innovative of WaterLOUPE is for example the risk assessment at actor-group level, instead of only at sector level. For example, it specifies between the impacts of water scarcity for smallholder farmers versus large farms. The distinction in impacts at actor level are key in establishing good water stewardship of the industry for the catchment, and in contributing to the SDGs, especially SDG 6.
Linking the effect of different measures to societal impact is a research topic in development. It is not only about the effect of measures on reducing the overall water gap but what that additional water means to the different user groups is. This is an inclusive approach, also addressing the issue of inequality, in which we account for the fact that different sector groups place a different value on water, depending on the way the water is utilized (well being, livelihood, income). This would also demonstrate how water allocation choices can affect the magnitude of risk. Scientific concepts that underly these calculations are still in development.
Adding adaptation pathways and a general assessment of the level
WaterLOUPE web-based version Kimberly-Clark, stakeholders in the basin in Colombia, Brazil, South Africa Israel, Bahrain, Chennai Deltares and KCC through workshops, contact with local stakeholders and follow-up and internet media.
WaterLOUPE extension on adaptation measures Kimberly-Clark, stakeholders in the basin of Cape Town and Sao Paulo and future users in other basins. Deltares and KCC.
Western cape government (South Africa) and Fabhat (Brazil)
Stakeholder workshop in Cape Town, Sao Paulo and Chennai Kimberly Clark, stakeholders in the basin (a.o. regional and local government, NGO’s, farmers associations, universities) Deltares in cooperation with KCC
Publications in the media (websites, social media, during congress, joint article) Publicly available Deltares and KCC. Communication strategy already in place to be implemented by both corporate communication departments.
Dedicated meeting with new users Multinationals and banking sector Deltares and KCC.